Last edited by Mikataxe
Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Influences of sea spray on moisture and energy exchange at the ocean surface found in the catalog.

Influences of sea spray on moisture and energy exchange at the ocean surface

N. M. Harrison

Influences of sea spray on moisture and energy exchange at the ocean surface

by N. M. Harrison

  • 78 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by UMIST in Manchester .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementN.M. Harrison ; supervised by M.H. Smith.
ContributionsSmith, M.H., Physics.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19087825M

  The ocean influences precipitation patterns. As ocean water is heated by the sun, it evaporates and is transformed into water vapor that increases the temperature and humidity of the air, forming rain and storms. This precipitation is carried by winds across large distances around the world. The Indian Ocean tsunami killed an estimated , people in ____ countries A. 5 B. 13 C. 8 D. 18 E.

@article{osti_, title = {Sea spray aerosol as a unique source of ice nucleating particles}, author = {DeMott, Paul J. and Hill, Thomas C. J. and McCluskey, Christina S. and Prather, Kimberly A. and Collins, Douglas B. and Sullivan, Ryan C. and Ruppel, Matthew J. and Mason, Ryan H. and Irish, Victoria E. and Lee, Taehyoung and Hwang, Chung Yeon and Rhee, Tae Siek and Snider, Jefferson R. the sea surface roughness (Smith, ). As for the sea surface heat and moisture fluxes, many field observations show that the air-sea exchange coefficients for sensible heat and water vapor are independent of wind speed, corresponding to the scalar roughnesses (and) .

  Sea spray aerosol, containing salt and various organic compounds produced by phytoplankton and other microorganisms in surface ocean waters, is . A combination of factors is necessary for freezing spray to occur. Air temperatures must be below the freezing point of salt water (approximately 28°F), winds must be strong enough to lift the spray off the ocean surface and waves must be high enough to disturb the ocean surface in order to facilitate the action of the wind.


Share this book
You might also like
Institutional neurosis

Institutional neurosis

Willunga, town and district, 1926-1950

Willunga, town and district, 1926-1950

expert system for financial statements planning

expert system for financial statements planning

Social factors in economic development

Social factors in economic development

Psychology of the information retrieval user

Psychology of the information retrieval user

challenges of globalization

challenges of globalization

Catalogue of the Dibdin library

Catalogue of the Dibdin library

The Fig Tree

The Fig Tree

Ground-state photoneutron reactions in (14)C and (18)O.

Ground-state photoneutron reactions in (14)C and (18)O.

limits of taxable capacity

limits of taxable capacity

healthcare crisis in southeastern Pennsylvania

healthcare crisis in southeastern Pennsylvania

Modernism

Modernism

Elements of dual scaling

Elements of dual scaling

Influences of sea spray on moisture and energy exchange at the ocean surface by N. M. Harrison Download PDF EPUB FB2

Andreas E.L., Decosmo J. () Sea Spray Production and Influence on Air-sea Heat And Moisture Fluxes over the Open Ocean. In: Geernaert G.L. (eds) Air-Sea Exchange: Physics, Chemistry and Dynamics. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library, vol Cited by: Sea spray refers to aerosol particles that are formed directly from the ocean, mostly by ejection into the atmosphere by bursting bubbles at the air-sea interface.

Sea spray contains both organic matter and inorganic salts that form sea salt aerosol (SSA). SSA has the ability to form cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and remove anthropogenic aerosol pollutants from the atmosphere.

The oceans cover about two-thirds of Earth’s surface. The exchange of heat, moisture, and energy between the air and sea across so large an area exerts a profound influence on the dynamic and thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, including its seasonal fluctuations and longer-term climatic trends.

As little as 1–3% of that area is covered at any one time by foamy whitecaps that are Cited by:   Douglas B. Collins, Vicki H. Grassian, in Physical Chemistry of Gas-Liquid Interfaces, Sea Spray Aerosol Production.

SSA production at the ocean surface is an important part of both mass and energy exchange between the atmosphere and the ocean. 65,66 The majority of SSA particles that have appreciable atmospheric residence times are formed by the bursting of bubbles at the air–sea.

salt from the ocean via sea-spray production David H. Richter and Fabrice Veron T he oceans cover about two-thirds of Earth’s surface. The exchange of heat, moisture, and energy between the air and sea across so large an area exerts a profound influence on the dynamic and thermodynamic state of.

The domain of the surface ocean and lower atmosphere is a complex, highly dynamic component of the Earth system. Better understanding of the physics and biogeochemistry of the air–sea interface and the processes that control the exchange of mass and energy across that boundary define the scope of the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS) project.

The effect of sea spray on surface energy transports over the ocean Article (PDF Available) in The Global Atmosphere and Ocean System January. Most recent studies of sea spray focus on tropical storms because of their high wind speeds, high sea surface temperatures, and the role of sea surface fluxes.

Fairall et al. () claimed that, without taking account of evaporating spray droplets or some other source of latent heat, the boundary layer of modeled tropical cyclones would evolve.

It has long been conjectured that spray ejected from the high‐wind ocean surface enhances air/sea enthalpy fluxes, but a lack of observational data, particularly at wind speeds exceeding 20 m s−1. the impact of sea spray on the air–sea fluxes and esti-mate the total air–sea fluxesunder arange of conditions with the results from the Lagrangian stochastic model, Part I, along with two different sea spray generation functions.

Model description The bulk parameterization of air–sea fluxes relates. The ocean covers 71 percent of the earth’s surface, and atop all that water is a huge amount of sea spray. That foamy whiteness that so enthralls beachgoers and seascape painters is a collection. Sea surface temperature—the temperature of the water at the ocean surface—is an important physical attribute of the world’s oceans.

The surface temperature of the world’s oceans varies mainly with latitude, with the warmest waters generally near the equator and the. Annual ocean heat content compared to average frombased on multiple data sets: surface to depths of meters (2, feet) in shades of red, orange, and yellow; frommeters (6, feet) in shades of green and blue; and below 6, feet (2, meters) as a gray wedge.

This creates a cycle of upwelling and downwelling. Prevailing winds, ocean surface currents, and the associated mixing influence the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the ocean, as well as global climate. Deep ocean currents are density-driven and differ from surface currents in scale, speed, and energy.

The influences of ocean currents on sea surface waves mainly include 1) the Doppler shift effect of background current on sea surface waves; 2) changing water depth by considering variation of water level; 3) consideration of SSC in estimation of sea surface wind stress, which would change the wind forcing on sea surface waves.

The temperature of seawater is fixed at the sea surface by heat exchange with the atmosphere. The average incoming energy from the sun at the earth's surface is about four times higher at the equator than at the poles. The average infrared radiation heat loss to space is more constant with latitude.

As a result there is a net input of heat to the. In other words, the surface area of the spray is 70% of the ocean's surface area. It is hard to discount such a huge effect: In high winds, sea spray must play a significant role in air-sea heat and moisture transfer.

Because the net air-sea enthalpy flux is what affects. The Eulerian, explicit sea-spray droplet model introduced by Kepert and Fairall ()and Kepert et al. () is coupled with the ASL model in order to understand the essential physics that should be taken into account in a parametrization scheme of sea-spray effects onthe surface heatandmomentumfluxes.A numberof explicit sea-spraymodels havebeen.

Researchers report ship-borne open ocean data from 4 full seasons in the North Atlantic that show links between sea-spray aerosol particles and both sea-surface temperature and, to a smaller.

How Sea Surface Temperatures Affect an Atmospheric Phenomenon New research sheds light on the complex interplay between the atmosphere and the ocean and how both affect the Madden-Julian Oscillation.

Sea spray is one of the important factors to affect weather conditions over the ocean in terms of constituting an aerosol as well as determining air-sea transport of heat, moisture and momentum.The Impact of Sea Spray on Air-Sea Fluxes in Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Models.

theory establishes how rapidly spray droplets can exchange heat and moisture in a given environment. 0 are produced at the sea surface—as a function of wind .The part that sea spray plays in the air-sea transfer of heat and moisture has been a controversial question for the last two decades.

With general circulation models (GCMs) suggesting that perturbations in the Earth's surface heat budget of only a few W m−2 can initiate major climatic variations, it is crucial that we identify and quantify all the terms in that heat budget.